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There are different centres to consider in the taijiquan fighting method:
Physical centre/tan tien/centre of gravity
Centre of balance
relative to an opponent
1. Vertical centre
The vertical centre of your body is an imaginary line which falls from the crown of the skull down through the body to emerge between genitals and anus, down to the ground.
It terminates at the front of the heel and directly affects balance.
2. Physical centre
The physical centre of your body is located below the navel, inside the body
where it bisects the vertical axis.
All movements in taijiquan must start from the physical centre.
It is your centre of gravity.
In taijiquan, the centre of gravity is moved closer to the ground in order to stabilise the body and make it stronger.
3. Centre of balance
The centre of balance exists between your two feet.
It should always be beneath the torso.
If you over-extend, the centre of balance is moved beyond the feet and you become unstable.
The centre of balance moves relative to which leg is primary at any given time.
If you are forward-weighted then it is nearer the lead leg, and if rear-weighted it is near the rear leg.
The centreline is an imaginary line right down the front of your body.
This is where your zip would be if you wore a jacket.
Along this line are many vulnerable points.
Your taijiquan structure is designed to protect the centreline when moving.
5. Centre relative to an opponent
When faced with one or more opponents, it is essential to think in terms of centre.
To strike you, the opponent must find your centre.
This is fundamental physics; a question of positioning and angles.
By moving your centre from where they are striking, you cannot easily be hit.
The centres must be unified relative to the opponent.
By maintaining the vertical centre, moving forwards and backwards, side-to-side, protecting the centreline and originating all movement from the centre - you become an evasive target.
Taking the centre
You must always attack your opponent's centre.
De-stabilising this will prevent them from effectively countering.
Subtle pressure can take their balance.
Once off-balance, they become structurally weak.
The ability to move from the centre becomes more sophisticated as a student progresses within taijiquan.
Very subtle stepping and waist movement will allow close quarters fighting to occur without any loss of striking power.
The exercise known as 'pushing hands' can train this ability if practiced softly.
Xingyiquan, baguazhang, taijiquan and centre
It is said that
xingyiquan firms the centre, baguazhang
moves the centre, whilst taijiquan
empties the centre.
What does 'emptying the centre' mean?
An opponent should not be able to find or take your centre; it should feel insubstantial to them.
An important feature of meditation is the ability to remain 'centred'.
This means present, clear, grounded and alert.
Bring the attention to the physical centre. Breathe.
This centred freedom-to-respond is
predicated on inhibiting the entire neuromuscular habit pattern associated
18 March 1997
Last updated 17 September 2019