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What is lineage?
Every high-level instructor aims to leave behind a legacy of skill. They want their own sacrifice, efforts, experiences and insights to be passed on to a new generation of students.
Lineage is about the perpetuation of the 'real' or 'authentic' teaching.
Taijiquan is a martial art. An extensive range of fighting skills is necessary in order to make the system work in combat, particularly against other martial arts.
Amateurism is a dangerous folly where combat is concerned. No genuine opponent will offer you latitude or show mercy.
Filling in the gaps
Not every taijiquan instructor possesses enough skill to be teaching a class. Huge gaps in their knowledge can lead to serious misconceptions and ultimately leads to a dilution of the art.
A common erroneous solution is to fill the knowledge gaps with material from other martial arts or other styles of taijiquan. This folly cannot conceivably lead to deeper skill in their chosen style.
It would be better to start from scratch once again with a teacher who possesses a complete syllabus; a functional lineage.
Another odd occurrence is when tai chi for health people attempt to martialise a non-martial approach i.e. 24 step. Attempting to 'reverse engineer' a martial system from a health form is foolish.
There are too many missing pieces. Why not simply learn a martial style instead?
There is an Indian folk tale about six blind men inspecting an elephant:
The first man encounters the side of the animal and believes it to be a wall
The second man imagines the tusk to be a spear
The third man thinks that the trunk is a snake
The fourth man considers the leg to be a tree
The fifth man feels an ear and believes it to be a fan
The sixth man finds the tail and is certain it is a rope
Having a limited grasp about a subject denies the individual any hope of having perspective.
They judge according to what they personally understand or experience, and this can have some significant drawbacks.
Their knowledge may lack context/depth and consequently no meaning in the wider sense of the art.
e.g. 'double weightedness' is the "failure to distinguish between substantial and insubstantial" (Sifu Waller):
Both hands doing same thing at same time
Equal weight in both feet
Incorrect balance of yin/yang cross-pattern in the body i.e. left foot substantial, left hand substantial
Force vs force
Heavy lower body, heavy upper body or light lower body, light upper body
Tension in the body/flaccidity elsewhere i.e. collapsed elbow joints during monkey paws/pushing hands
Is it wrong to have the weight equally in both feet? As in horse stance? Equally in the hands?
Imagine that you know how to boil an egg, and you are confident enough that you can show someone else how to boil an egg too...
This may be a skill of sorts, but how does it compare to being a fully-trained chef? A chef is the master of the kitchen.
They know the tools of their trade, the ingredients, the cooking/baking/presentation methods, timing, synchrony, organisation of staff and resources.
The chef can combine different facets of their skill to produce new and unanticipated combinations. Boiling an egg is hardly in the same league. Lineage is like being a chef.
Real skill is not the same as knowing a few warm-up exercises, the pattern of a form and a crude sense of pushing hands.
Barry was telling us a story
about the woman who always cut the end of the ham and somebody asked her why
she did it. She said, "Well I don't know, my mother always did it that way."
And they asked her mother and she said, "I don't know, my mother always did
it." And they asked grandma, and she said, "Well, I did it because otherwise
it wouldn't fit into my biggest pot."
(Chungliang Al Huang)
The source material
Across the years, various masters have expressed their taijiquan expertise in writing. These works are referred to as 'The Tai Chi Classics'.
They represent the essence of the art and students are encouraged to read the Classics and imbue their taijiquan with the spirit of these insights.
The Classics highlight considerations and qualities necessary for taijiquan. The student must study the Classics carefully and apply them according to their own skill and insight.
Without the characteristics depicted in the Classics, the training cannot be called taijiquan.
In addition to The Tai Chi Classics, it is also advisable to read other books that can expand your understanding of taijiquan in some way.
We recommend The Art of War, Tao Te Ching, Chuang Tzu, Krishnamurti and The Book of Five Rings - as a good beginning. There are many other useful titles.
The nature of the art
If your practice of taijiquan does not embody the principles of taijiquan, then it is not taijiquan. This is not a matter of opinion or of right and wrong.
Consider: karate is not taijiquan because it approaches combat and body usage in a fundamentally different fashion to taijiquan. Karate is karate, just as a tree is a tree and a car is a car.
Lineage perpetuates the real
Lineage is the process by which the student learns the art of taijiquan thoroughly. The student is taught the principles, forms, drills and martial skills.
Everything is broken down, explained, practiced and corrected. This process happens again and again. It will take countless lessons and many years of training for a student to really 'get it'.
A syllabus, a competent instructor and the willingness/tenacity to work hard are all crucial ingredients.
Learning is a process and as such has no conclusion. There will always be more to study. The role of lineage is to ensure that the student is learning the necessary fighting skills; the real art.
What makes the teaching 'authentic'?
Consider these questions:
- does your instructor have a track record of teaching all the things that the art is famous for?
- can your instructor apply the art against aggressive unpredictable attacks with ease and versatility?
- is your instructor teaching this skill to you?
It can be hard (if not impossible) for a student to truly gauge the depth of their teacher's understanding and skill.
However, as they are exposed to more complex material, the student should gain a growing sense of the quality of the tuition.
In order to pass on the art effectively and comprehensively, an instructor must include two factors in their teachings:
What they were taught by their own instructor
What they have learned for themselves
aim to contribute to the art.
They should share their own insights, experiences and perceptions.
It adds to the wealth of knowledge and makes the legacy richer and more worthwhile having.
teachings of a martial tradition may be
recorded in scrolls or expressed verbally, those
outside the tradition who gain access to this
information have little chance of learning much of practical value. Such
instructions invariably consist of vague
references or riddle-like aphorisms. These
cryptic axioms suffice for the conveying of deep secrets because the martial
artist who receives them properly has spent an enormous
amount of time apprenticing under his master. They
have in common, teacher and student, the specialized
vocabulary of their tradition, as
well as similar experience in the physical
actions demanded in learning it. The teachings, however, opaque they may
appear to the outsider, have meaning to the
initiate and his master because the two
have endured the long process of
Page created 2 March 1995
Last updated 09 June 2019