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Why do we need grades?
The Tai Chi Union for Great Britain insurance policy advised instructors to ensure that students are being shown things appropriate to ability. This means that a syllabus is necessary.
There must be an order to the presentation of the material. Grades are required.
There are 13 grades in the taijiquan syllabus:
Black (1st dan)
Black (2nd dan)
Black (3rd dan)
Black (4th dan)
Black (5th dan)
Taijiquan is unlike mainstream martial arts. You cannot simply pass a belt and imagine that you have 'got it'. This is the work of a lifetime. There is no final certificate, no graduation.
Traditionally, progress in the martial arts was slow and methodical. People took time to grow, change and gain skill. Nowadays, students often expect high-level skills to emerge almost immediately.
In any martial art this is improbable. For an advanced martial art it is certainly not realistic. Progress cannot happen overnight.
Your rate of progress is entirely contingent upon how much time and effort you invest.
Ability is everything in taijiquan
Remember this - martial arts are a meritocracy. Ability is everything. Not knowledge. Not time served. Ability. If you can do it, then you can advance.
In your training, do not be in
a hurry, for it takes a minimum of ten years to master the basics and
advance to the first rung.
The beginner's grade covers the first part of the syllabus; laying the foundation for what is to come. It teaches the basics. The lower grades are all about improving health.
A student is required to work at notably improving their stamina, flexibility, coordination, cardiovascular fitness and agility.
The onus is upon introducing martial sets, self defence and discovering the art through doing rather than talking.
A scientific attitude is cultivated; with the student invited to adopt an experimental approach to learning; finding out for themselves what works, how and why.
The student becomes increasingly sensitive, present and alert. Instead of 'spacing out' , they start to feel.
Rather than assert their ego and vanity, they begin to see things from a greater perspective and the seeds of humility and patience are planted.
The training brings the practice into a far more martial context. The student begins to see the art from a broader perspective.
They see how apparently different parts of the syllabus are actually integrated parts of the whole. Looking back, they start to see the complexity and the simplicity of the art.
Looking forward, they see the depth and subtlety that reach far beyond their current capacity to understand. Humility emerges.
From coarse to refined
A new starter can only approximate the required movements. Nobody starts class with good body habits. With practice, a student slowly begins to use their body in the internal way.
In order to move from coarse to refined, it is necessary to have your practice regularly assessed and corrected.
Go easy on yourself
Taijiquan cannot be forced; acquiring the fighting skills takes as long as it takes. Take small methodical steps. Proceed at a pace that suits you and your level of ability and commitment.
Do what you can without becoming anxious or stressed.
Be patient but not lazy
Focus on a topic, learn it and then move onto the next one. Be patient with yourself. Set realistic learning goals. Each grade involves only a limited number of topics, exercises and drills.
Aim to pass a couple of new items every time you are assessed. Look to existing skills. Correct any mistakes and remove gaps in your knowledge.
Do not neglect material
With taijiquan, you must constantly refine and improve your basic skills. The most simple-seeming and obvious drills are with hindsight actually quite complex and sophisticated.
As you move through the grades, Sifu Waller will be looking for increasing skill in all areas of knowledge. You cannot just learn a skill and move on. You must also go back and re-consider.
Repetition and familiarity
The only person that can train your body do taijiquan is you. Talking, watching video clips or reading books will not lead to skill. You must get on your feet and do the work.
This means lessons, assessment, regular repetition of movement patterns and familiarity with partner work.
18 April 1995
Last updated 15 February 2020