|Taijiquan fighting method|
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Speculation versus fact
There are many discussion threads on-line in which people compare/contrast taijiquan's fighting method with that of other arts e.g. wing chun. Such conversations are spurious.
They reflect a limited understanding of taijiquan and no grasp of the art.
If you watch wing chun applied in combat, it looks distinctly like wing chun. The same could be said of judo, aikido, ju jitsu, pencat silat etc.
By the same reasoning, applied taijiquan must look like taijiquan.
What does taijiquan look like?
Taijiquan looks like taijiquan. The form, pushing hands, you know... taijiquan. If your martial expression of taijiquan does not look like taijiquan, it is probably not taijiquan (see above).
When asked how he overcame his opponents, Hadrat Ali explained,
"I never met any man who did not help me against himself."
Imagine for a moment that you are working for the Manchu Emperor... You've been taught taijiquan by the kung fu legend Yang Lu-chan.
Do you expect to be fighting with your bare hands, performing pushing hands or form exhibitions? Really?
Soldiers carry weapons and the Manchu Emperor's Elite Palace Guards were equipped with swords and knives. It would be rare indeed for a soldier to set aside their weapon and engage in unarmed combat.
Many of the taijiquan fighting skills hark back to armed combat. The qualities of nimbleness, agility, whole body movement and whole body power are essential for armed combat.
Taijiquan teaches students to do everything using their entire body. It reduces the risk of injury and significantly increases their physical strength and striking power.
But such skill is not easy. Considerable patience and long-term challenging practice are required.
The taijiquan fighting method is based on the yin/yang concept. Force is not blocked. There is no bracing. No aggression.
Instead of opposing strength, we draw it in and re-direct it. Rather than meet an opponent head-on, we work around the attack. A sharp, pliable, focused and expansive mind is necessary.
Broadly speaking, the taijiquan fighting method can be split into 3 broad areas of skill:
training method in the syllabus serves to prepare
the student for combat.
Form trains the body to move in a strategic, powerful, balanced manner, capable of evading attacks and delivering punches, kicks and grapples.
Wallbag work, striking drills, jing, neigong and weapons training amplify the ability to strike. Chin na and shuai jiao are grappling skills; they are different ways to deal with a close quarters attack.
Pushing hands is also grappling - a bridging method - culminating in one of the 3 stated outcomes.
Most people live lives that are
not particularly physically challenging. They sit
at a desk, or if they move around, it's not a lot. They aren't performing
manoeuvres that require tremendous
coordination. Thus they settle into a low level of physical
capabilities - enough for day-to-day activities or
maybe even hiking or biking or
playing golf or tennis on the weekends, but far from the level of
physical capabilities that a highly
trained athlete possesses.
The reason that most people don't possess extraordinary physical capabilities isn't because they don't have the capacity for them, but rather because they're satisfied to live in the comfortable rut of homeostasis and never do the work that is required to get out of it.
The same thing is true for all the mental activities we engage in. We learn enough to get by but once we reach that point we seldom push to go beyond.
If you are looking to develop mythical qi power, wake up... You cannot defeat your opponent using qi. Stop dreaming.
Kung fu means hard work
Kung fu (or gong fu) literally means work, time, skill. More specifically: martial skill. Taijiquan doesn't get easier. You get stronger. But only if you practice.
Hard work alone is not enough, though. Simply working hard will not necessarily lead to progress.
It needs to be deliberate, focused improvement designed to improve your practice by developing key skills outlined by your instructor.
The student must implement corrections, study the recommended books, undertake assignments and challenge their comfort zone.
Taijiquan students cannot begin lessons by immediately engaging in combat. They have no internal skill whatsoever. What would be the point? The fighting would not be 'taijiquan'.
It would be a waste of time.
New students learn how to relax, to move, to coordinate, to be strong, to be sensitive, to connect their separate-seeming body parts together...
Very few students last long enough to even commence martial training.
You must get fit
All martial arts require the student to be fit for combat and taijiquan is no exception. There are many lazy tai chi classes in the world. This is naive in the extreme.
Cross-training tai chi
Our taijiquan students train: core strength, massage, leg stretches, cardio work, yoga, qigong, neigong, form, partnered work, martial sets & drills, combat and weapons.
The training is done carefully, gently - in a controlled manner - without exertion or strain.
Working the brain is the real key to success. A strong, pliable, flexible, adaptive brain is required for learning this art.
Brain work includes: meditation, awareness, clarity, composure, metacognition, constructive reading, memory and rest.
Step by step
Once physical fitness has been gained, the student develops their technical skills. These are extremely important.
It is necessary to have a high degree of physical aptitude and no remnant of tension. When the mind and body move as one, the student can really begin to fight.
Confronted by limitations of
effectiveness, the martial arts of the West responded with a continuous
crafting of superior equipment. Confronted with similar limitations, the
Asian warrior responded by fashioning a better self. The warrior turned not
to technology in making his sword a better tool for fighting. Influenced by
contemplative aspects of Taoism and Buddhism and by the self-discipline of
Confucianism, he turned inward. He fine-tuned his body and mind in order to
better manipulate his sword.
The root of the fighting principles contained within taijiquan can be examined further by reading translations/interpretations of ancient books:
The Way and Its Power
The Art of War
The Book of Changes
The Book of Five Rings
The Way of Chuang Tzu
The Tai Chi Classics
nuances are lost on your modern
mind, try approaching the problem
Start by reading some books by
Krishnamurti, Gladwell, Wiseman or Leslie. Then try the books listed above?
Taijiquan fighting method
If you want to find out what the taijiquan fighting method constitutes, read this website. The website is about 800 pages long.
It does not offer shortcuts or techniques. It challenges you to have integrity and find things out for yourself.
Should you disagree with anything written in these pages, that is fine. Clearly the website was not written for you...
• 4 ounces
• 13 patterns
• Gaps & deficiencies
• Small circle
• Soft option
7 July 1996
Last updated 18 April 2015